Category: Parallel Investigations
On February 3, 2017, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit rejected an accountant’s argument that the imposition of both criminal charges and SEC sanctions on the basis of the same alleged conduct violated the Fifth Amendment’s Double Jeopardy Clause. This appellate court ruling illustrates that defendants in SEC investigations and enforcement proceedings must be mindful that the imposition of civil penalties, disgorgement, and permanent bars do not preclude the prospect of criminal prosecution.
Thomas D. Melvin (“Melvin”), a certified public accountant, agreed in April 2013 to pay the SEC a civil penalty of $108,930 and disgorgement of $68,826 to settle alleged violations of Sections 10(b) and 14(e) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 and Rules 10b-5 and 14e-3 thereunder. According to the SEC, Melvin purportedly had disclosed confidential insider information that he received from a … Read More »
An Upside to Parallel Civil and Criminal Investigations? Criminal Authorities May Have to Disclose Exculpatory Information in the Possession of the Civil Agency
Good facts make good lawyers, but good lawyers need to know where to go to get those facts. More and more frequently, the staff of the Division of Enforcement of the SEC is conducting investigations in coordination with U.S. Attorney’s Offices. The close relationship offers mutual benefits. The SEC brings the subject matter expertise; the USAOs have “tools” that the SEC does not have—e.g., the ability to conduct “covert” operations and to use wire taps. Certainly, the Galleon line of insider trading cases demonstrates the results of the close working relationship.
USAOs are quickly learning, however, that there are certain heightened obligations that accompany parallel investigations. In a criminal proceeding, due process requires that prosecutors produce all material information that is favorable to the defendant. Civil regulatory agencies such as the SEC, however, do not usually have a specific duty to … Read More »