Category: Enforcement


The First SEC Share Class Selection Disclosure Settlements: What We Learned & What’s Next?

Posted on April 2nd, by in Enforcement, SCSD Initiative, Self-Reporting. Comments Off on The First SEC Share Class Selection Disclosure Settlements: What We Learned & What’s Next?

Jim Lundy and Ben McCulloch authored an article entitled “The First SEC Share Class Selection Disclosure Settlements: What We Learned & What’s Next?” for the Investment Adviser Association’s IAA Newsletter Compliance Corner. In the article, Jim and Ben discuss the first wave of settlements under the SEC’s SCSD Initiative as well as lessons learned. They also explore the agency’s ongoing efforts regarding the remaining participants, consequences for firms who opted not to self-report, and the Division of Enforcement’s continued scrutiny of revenue sharing arrangements, disclosures, and conflicts.

Read the full article.*

*Originally published in the IAA Newsletter, April 2019.


CFTC Decides Not to Appeal the DRW Ruling

Posted on March 1st, by in CFTC, Civil Penalties, Enforcement, Futures, Manipulation. Comments Off on CFTC Decides Not to Appeal the DRW Ruling

In a recent announcement, the CFTC indicated it would not appeal its district court loss in CFTC v. DRW, stating, “After careful consideration of the issues, as well as discussion with agency staff and Commissioners, Chairman Giancarlo has decided the agency will not appeal the district court’s decision.”

In 2013, the CFTC filed a complaint against principal trading firm DRW Investments, LLC (“DRW”) and its principal, alleging price manipulation of a various interest rate swaps futures contract in 2011, specifically the IDEX Three-Month Interest Rate Swap Future (the “Three-Month Contract”). The CFTC alleged that DRW’s bidding practices in the Three-Month Contract created artificial daily settlement prices. The Commission based this assertion primarily upon the fact that the bids in question were higher than the corresponding rates in the contemporaneous over the counter (“OTC”) swap market. DRW argued its bids were not … Read More »


Good Disclosure of Bad Internal Controls Is Not Enough

Posted on February 14th, by in Corporate Disclosures, Enforcement, Settlements. Comments Off on Good Disclosure of Bad Internal Controls Is Not Enough

On January 29, the SEC announced settled charges with four public companies for failing to maintain adequate internal control over financial reporting (ICFR). According to the respective orders, each of these companies repeatedly disclosed material weaknesses involving “certain high-risk areas of their financial statement presentation” over numerous annual reporting periods. Yet, despite these public acknowledgments, the SEC alleged that these companies took “months, or years, to remediate their material weaknesses,” even after being contacted by the SEC. In addition to cease-and-desist orders, the SEC levied monetary penalties against each company ranging from $35,000 to $200,000.

In announcing these settlements, the SEC emphasized that these proceedings were predicated on the registrants’ unreasonable delays in remediating the disclosed internal control deficiencies, rather than the disclosures themselves. Melissa Hodgman, an Associate Director in the SEC’s Enforcement Division, stated in the press release accompanying … Read More »


U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York Announces First-Ever Criminal Bank Secrecy Act Charges Against a U.S.-Based Broker-Dealer

Posted on December 20th, by in Criminal Liability, Deferred Prosecution Agreements, Enforcement. Comments Off on U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York Announces First-Ever Criminal Bank Secrecy Act Charges Against a U.S.-Based Broker-Dealer

On December 19, 2018, the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York announced criminal charges against Central States Capital Markets, LLC (“CSCM”), a Prairie Village, Kansas-based broker-dealer. CSCM was charged with a violation of the Bank Secrecy Act (“BSA”) based on its willful failure to file a suspicious activity report (“SAR”) in connection with the illegal activities of one of its customers. The charge against CSCM represents the first criminal BSA charge ever brought against a United States-based broker-dealer.

The U.S. Attorney’s Office also announced that CSCM had entered into a deferred prosecution agreement under which it agreed to accept responsibility for its conduct, forfeit $400,000, and enhance its BSA / Anti-Money Laundering(“AML”) compliance program. If CSCM complies with the terms of the agreement,the U.S. Attorney’s Office agreed to defer prosecution for a period of two years, after … Read More »


SEC and CFTC FY2018 Results: Looking Back . . . and Looking Forward

Posted on November 29th, by , and in CFTC, Enforcement, SEC. Comments Off on SEC and CFTC FY2018 Results: Looking Back . . . and Looking Forward

Earlier this month, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission issued their annual reports about their Divisions of Enforcement results for fiscal year 2018. Analyzing these reports is a helpful way for us to learn from the recent historical enforcement efforts by both financial regulatory agencies. Also, both reports provide guidance about the divisions’ objectives and initiatives for the upcoming fiscal year and beyond. Below we explore and summarize the important topics covered in both reports.

The SEC issued its FY2018 Annual Report earlier this month. The last several pages categorize and list every action filed by SEC Enforcement during FY2018; this provides a useful reference tool. In addition, this report continues to evolve and provide more information than in years past. Not surprisingly, the report highlights SEC Chairman Jay Clayton’s direction to SEC Enforcement … Read More »


SEC Freezes $27 Million Related to a Blockchain/Cryptocurrency Acquisition

Posted on April 10th, by in Blockchain, Cryptocurrency, Enforcement, Manipulation, Registration, SEC. Comments Off on SEC Freezes $27 Million Related to a Blockchain/Cryptocurrency Acquisition

On April 6, 2018, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) obtained a court order freezing more than $27 million in proceeds from alleged illegal distributions and sales of restricted shares of a public company, and charged the company, its CEO, and three other affiliated individuals. That same day, the Nasdaq Stock Market said it halted trading in the company’s stock. The SEC’s complaint alleges that shortly after the company began trading on the Nasdaq Stock Market and announced the acquisition of a purported blockchain-empowered cryptocurrency business that its stock price rose dramatically until its market capitalization exceeded $3 billion. The SEC further alleges that the CEO and the three other individual defendants then illegally sold large blocks of their restricted shares to the public while the stock price was excessively elevated and that they collectively reaped more than $27 million … Read More »


SEC Share Class Selection Disclosure Initiative to Encourage Self-Reporting

Posted on April 6th, by and in Enforcement, SEC Guidance, Self-Reporting. Comments Off on SEC Share Class Selection Disclosure Initiative to Encourage Self-Reporting

On February 12, 2018, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced a “Share Class Selection Disclosure Initiative” (“SCSD Initiative”), led by the Asset Management Unit of the Division of Enforcement (“Enforcement”). To encourage self-reporting and participation in the SCSD Initiative, Enforcement advises in the release that it “will agree not to recommend financial penalties against investment advisers who self-report violations of the federal securities laws relating to certain mutual fund share class selection issues and promptly return money to harmed clients.” Enforcement also warns that it “expects to recommend stronger sanctions in any future actions against investment advisers that engaged in the misconduct but failed to take advantage of this initiative.”

The deadline for self-reporting is June 12, 2018. Firms contacted by Enforcement before the announcement regarding possible violations related to their failures to disclose the conflicts of interest associated … Read More »


Bitcoin Prices Continue Volatile Surge Despite Increasing Regulatory Scrutiny

Posted on December 1st, by in CFTC, Enforcement, Financial Fraud, IRS, Social Media. Comments Off on Bitcoin Prices Continue Volatile Surge Despite Increasing Regulatory Scrutiny

In recent days, Bitcoin prices have surged past $11,000 before dropping back to around $10,000. This represents a more than 1000% growth since the start of 2017. In the last month alone, the price has more than doubled. This surge follows the announcement by the CME Group, the world’s leading derivatives marketplace, to launch Bitcoin futures on December 18. CBOE Global Markets Inc. also intends to launch a Bitcoin futures soon. Both received a green light from the CFTC today, December 1, through the process of self-certification – a pledge that the products do not run afoul of the law. There are also rumors that NASDAQ will launch a futures contract based on Bitcoin in 2018.

Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency, a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange using cryptography to secure the transaction and verify the transfer … Read More »


SEC Announces Enforcement Division Cyber Specialty Unit

Posted on September 26th, by in Cybersecurity, Enforcement, General. Comments Off on SEC Announces Enforcement Division Cyber Specialty Unit

On September 25, 2017, the Securities and Exchange Commission announced the creation of an Enforcement Division “Cyber Unit” that will focus on cyber-related violative conduct. The timing of this is much more than coincidental; indeed it’s obvious. Just last week, SEC Chairman Jay Clayton disclosed: 1) a 2016 intrusion of the SEC’s EDGAR system due to a software vulnerability in the test filing component of the system, resulting in access to nonpublic information; and 2) the creation of a senior-level cybersecurity working group. Since the disclosure of the EDGAR breach, the financial press has reported that SEC Enforcement, the Secret Service, and the FBI have been investigating, and that Chairman Clayton asked the SEC’s Office of Inspector General to investigate. On September 26, 2017, Chairman Clayton appears before the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs where he will … Read More »


The Future of Futures: High-Speed Trading and CFTC Regulation & Enforcement

Posted on June 30th, by and in CFTC, Enforcement, Futures, Non-prosecution Agreements, Reg AT, Regulations, Spoofing. Comments Off on The Future of Futures: High-Speed Trading and CFTC Regulation & Enforcement

The future is now.

On June 29, 2017, the U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry voted overwhelmingly to confirm the nomination of J. Christopher Giancarlo as Chairman of the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”), paving the way for his nomination to move forward to consideration on the floor of the U.S. Senate. Within two hours of this announcement, the CFTC announced its first non-prosecution agreements. These agreements and the related “spoofing” cases are discussed in more detail below. These same-day announcements reflect the advancing ambitious agenda outlined by Acting Chairman Giancarlo in his speech entitled “CFTC: A New Direction Forward,” given on March 15, 2017. Acting Chairman Giancarlo has since taken every opportunity to advise the industry of his goals to reduce regulatory burdens, modernize the agency, and maintain the CFTC’s aggressive enforcement efforts. All the while, the … Read More »




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