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Compliance Officers Beware: Your Conversations With the NFA During Examinations Could Lead to Charges

Posted on September 18th, by and in CFTC, Civil Penalties, Enforcement, Misappropriation, Mispresentations. Comments Off on Compliance Officers Beware: Your Conversations With the NFA During Examinations Could Lead to Charges

The U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) sent a strong message to Chief Compliance Officers (“CCO”) this week when it held a CCO held accountable for lying to the National Futures Association (“NFA”) during an examination. Also, if you did not believe the CFTC’s message about its intention to reach across borders to pursue bad actors, it’s time to reconsider.

Earlier this year the CFTC instituted a civil enforcement action against Phy Capital Investments, LLC and its CEO, Fabio Bretas de Freitas. The firm was formed in 2016 and the CEO solicited participants to invest in a pool to trade commodity futures contracts. According to the CFTC, despite representing to pool participants that it made substantial commodity trading profits, the firm never engaged in any trading activity and instead misappropriated participant funds. The civil charges against the firm and the CEO … Read More »


The SEC Files Another Litigated Disclosure Case – With More Violations

Posted on September 11th, by and in Conflict of Interest, Corporate Disclosures, Disclosures, Enforcement, OCIE, SCSD Initiative, SEC. Comments Off on The SEC Files Another Litigated Disclosure Case – With More Violations

On August 29, 2019, the SEC filed a complaint against a registered investment adviser alleging failures to disclose four categories of conflicts of interest and seeking disgorgement of $10 million in undisclosed compensation. This litigated action was filed within a month of the SEC filing a litigated complaint against another firm alleging failing to disclose material conflicts of interest related to revenue sharing, despite that advisory firm having self-reported pursuant to the SEC’s Share Class Selection Disclosure Initiative (“SCSD Initiative”).

Based on these litigated actions (and despite the SCSD Initiative being over 18 months old), the SEC’s Division of Enforcement continues to focus its investigative and litigation resources on “Main Street” and to aggressively pursue registered investment advisory firms for disclosure violations involving actual or potential conflicts of interest.

In this most recent litigated action, not surprisingly, the SEC’s allegations with respect … Read More »


CFTC v. Kraft

Posted on August 22nd, by in CFTC, Futures, Manipulation, Settlements. Comments Off on CFTC v. Kraft

In a Consent Order entered on August 15, Kraft Foods Group, Inc, and its subsidiary Mondelez Global LLC agreed to pay $16 million to settle the CFTC’s complaint alleging the firms manipulated the December 2011 wheat futures markets. The settlement was thought to have ended the litigation, begun in 2015, however, shortly after the entry of the Consent Order, the firms filed a motion seeking contempt sanctions against the CFTC and Commissioners Berkovitz and Behnam. Kraft’s emergency motion alleges the Commission’s statements, and individual Commissioner statements filed concurrently with the Consent Order violated the terms of the settlement.

The Consent Order contained two unusual aspects. First it contained no factual findings or conclusions of law. Second, it contained a clause limiting the parties’ ability to speak publicly on the litigation.

Under the Consent Agreement, both parties agreed to refrain from making … Read More »


Federal Prosecutor Faces Accusations that it Used the SEC to Collect Evidence for its Criminal Investigation

Posted on June 21st, by and in Criminal Liability, Parallel Investigations. Comments Off on Federal Prosecutor Faces Accusations that it Used the SEC to Collect Evidence for its Criminal Investigation

In a ruling handed down on Tuesday, a Southern District of New York judge ordered the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York (“USAO”) to submit a full account of their communications with the SEC after defendant Jason Rhodes accused the USAO of using the SEC to develop its criminal case against him.

Rhodes was charged with four counts, including conspiracy to commit securities fraud and wire fraud, securities fraud, wire fraud, and investment advisor fraud, in what the government alleges was an elaborate $19.6 million scheme to defraud investors. Notably, the charges against Rhodes were brought almost two years after the government charged all other co-conspirators. During that time, the SEC initiated an investigation involving Rhodes.

In a motion filed back in March of this year, Rhodes argued that the USAO may have violated his due process rights … Read More »


The Final Reg BI Package: What to Know and What’s Next

Posted on June 14th, by in Conflict of Interest, Corporate Disclosures, Enforcement, Investment Advisers, SEC. Comments Off on The Final Reg BI Package: What to Know and What’s Next

To nobody’s great surprise, on June 5, the SEC approved the “Reg BI Package,” which includes a series of new standards governing the fiduciary responsibilities of broker-dealers and investment advisers. The approved items consisted of the Regulation Best Interest – Standard of Conduct for Broker-Dealers; Form CRS Relationship Summary; Standard of Conduct for Investment Advisers; and Interpretation of “Solely Incidental,” all of which seem likely to have considerable impact on the industry going forward.


The SEC’s Reg BI Package Time to Vote

Posted on May 30th, by in Guidance, SEC. Comments Off on The SEC’s Reg BI Package Time to Vote

On June 5, the SEC will hold an Open Meeting to consider whether to adopt certain measures to reform retail investment standards. In this alert, the Best Interest Compliance Team provides a brief preview of the key topics and potential concerns about the proposed standards.


The Robare Ruling Regarding “May” Disclosures and “Willfulness”

Posted on May 7th, by , and in Administrative Proceedings, Enforcement, Form ADV, Investment Advisers. Comments Off on The Robare Ruling Regarding “May” Disclosures and “Willfulness”

Over the last year, the SEC has continued to intensify its focus on disclosures from investment advisers on Forms ADV regarding several issues, including—but not limited to—revenue sharing arrangements. Last week, the D.C. Court of Appeals handed down a decision that will likely have significant ramifications for investment advisers and the SEC’s Division of Enforcement (“Enforcement”). In Robare Group, Ltd., v. SEC, the D.C. Circuit upheld the SEC Commission’s decision that the use of the word “may” in a disclosure regarding an investment adviser’s conflicts of interest pertaining to revenue sharing violated the negligence-based fraud provision of Section 206(2) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (“Advisers Act”).
On appeal, The Robare Group, Ltd., a Texas-based investment adviser, argued that the evidence presented by Enforcement in an administrative proceeding did not support the Commission’s ruling, upon review, that their disclosures … Read More »


SEC Issues Risk Alert Regarding Reg S-P, Privacy, Safeguarding, and Registrant Compliance

Posted on April 26th, by in Investment Advisers, OCIE, SEC, SEC Guidance. Comments Off on SEC Issues Risk Alert Regarding Reg S-P, Privacy, Safeguarding, and Registrant Compliance

The SEC’s OCIE recently issued a Risk Alert focusing on compliance issues related to Regulation S-P, the primary SEC rule governing compliance practices for privacy notices and safeguard policies for investment advisers and broker-dealers. The Risk Alert summarizes the OCIE’s findings from two-year’s worth of issues identified in deficiency letters to assist investment advisers and broker-dealers in adopting and implementing effective policies and procedures for safeguarding customer records and information pursuant to Regulation S-P.


The SEC Speaks . . . and Cooperation is Key

Posted on April 12th, by , and in SEC, SEC Guidance, Self-Reporting. Comments Off on The SEC Speaks . . . and Cooperation is Key

SEC Speaks, the SEC’s annual conference in Washington, D.C., often provides valuable insight into developments at the agency, as well as pronouncements about policy evolution and enforcement priorities. At this year’s conference, “cooperation” emerged as one of the themes that the SEC has been prioritizing over the past year – and is committed to prioritizing in the future. Indeed, the co-directors of the SEC’s Division of Enforcement remarked that, “cooperation is as important now as it has ever been,” and that the “full range” of remedies are available to entities that provide meaningful cooperation to the SEC. Interestingly, the staff emphasized that the SEC is making a concerted effort to use its press releases and orders to highlight the importance, components, and benefits of cooperation – all in an effort to promote earlier, more meaningful, and more … Read More »


District Court Holds SEC Cannot Use CEO’s Criminal Conviction to Establish Company’s Liability

Posted on April 8th, by in General. Comments Off on District Court Holds SEC Cannot Use CEO’s Criminal Conviction to Establish Company’s Liability

Recently, the Northern District of Illinois denied the SEC
summary judgment on its claims against a company charged with fraudulently
offering and failing to register securities. United
States Securities and Exchange Commission v. Webb et al. In doing so, it rejected the SEC’s argument that,
pursuant to the doctrines of collateral estoppel and respondeat superior, the company’s liability for the alleged
securities violations was established through the criminal conviction of the
company’s founder, CEO, and chairman for wire and mail fraud. The Court’s
decision emphasizes the legal necessity of establishing and giving each
defendant the opportunity to defend against the claims brought against them,
even if claims against companies and their officers for purported securities
violations seem inextricably related.

In SEC v. Webb., No. 11 C 7152 (N.D. Ill.), the SEC alleged that InfrAegis, Inc. and its founder, CEO, and chairman, Gregory Webb, violated the Securities Act of 1933 and … Read More »






From the Blog:

Compliance Officers Beware: Your Conversations With the NFA During Examinations Could Lead to Charges

The U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) sent a strong message to Chief Compliance Officers (“CCO”) this week when it held a CCO held...

The SEC Files Another Litigated Disclosure Case – With More Violations

On August 29, 2019, the SEC filed a complaint against a registered investment adviser alleging failures to disclose four categories of conflicts of interest...

CFTC v. Kraft

In a Consent Order entered on August 15, Kraft Foods Group, Inc, and its subsidiary Mondelez Global LLC agreed to pay $16 million to...